The use of fpds is recommended by the international maritime organization (imo)
Lifeboat accidents resulting in fatalities and injuries have been occurring for a number of years despite efforts taken to reduce them. Most of the accidents have taken place on vessels using conventional davits and onload release systems. The purpose of this guide is to help you decide whether additional precautions in the form of Fall Preventer Devices (FPDs) are appropriate, and if so, when and how to use them safely and effectively.
The use of FPDs is recommended by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) because:
• Many accidents have resulted in fatalities and injuries to seafarers;
• Exposure of seafarers to unacceptable risks calls for an urgent solution to the problem; and
• Waiting for development of new systems is not considered an option.
FPDs is an interim measure until new, safe, IMO approved systems are available. Development, testing and certification of such systems will, however, take time; thus routine use of FPDs can realistically be expected for many years.
According to Annex 7 “PROCEDURE FOR PROTOTYPE TESTS FOR TYPE APPROVAL AND PRODUCTION TEST OF FALL PREVENTER DEVICES WITH LIFEBOATS OR RESCUE BOATS LAUNCHED BY FALLS OTHER THAN FREE FALL LIFE BOATS”.
In particular the environmental tests as specified in part 1, 1.2.1 of IMO resolution MSC 81 (70) were performed.